Monday, February 21, 2011

KalaAnantarupah Media Labs-Tanjore Painting Class-Admission Open

Tanjore painting is an important form of classical South Indian painting native to the town of Thanjavur (anglicized as Tanjore) in Tamil Nadu, India. The art form dates back to about 1600CE, a period when Nayakas of Tanjavur encouraged art- chiefly, classical dance and music as well as literature both in Telugu and Tamil (Tamil & Telugu are some of the languages spoken in South India). Tanjore Paintings are known for their surface richness, vivid colours and compact composition. Essentially serving as devotional icons, the themes of most of these paintings are Hindu gods and goddesses, and saints as well.Tanjore paintings are in fact panel paintings (done on solid wood planks ) and hence were also referred to as 'palagai padam'( picture in a wooden plank in local parlance). In modern times, Tanjore paintings have become a much sought after as souvenir during festive occasions, or as pieces to decorate the walls, or as collector’s item by art lovers.Tanjore paintings are one of the most traditional works of art from the ancient period. It is recognized by all art adorers and admirers in India and around the world.

Tanjore paintings are rich in looks because of the 24 carat pure gold foil, Jaipur Glass Colour stones , valuable stones, the vibrant colours, the jewellery decoration, the subject (God or Goddess in the painting) and the teak wood frame used in each painting. Every Tanjore painting is worked with a lot of patience, only to give the best depiction of the subject chosen by the customer. The making of a Tanjore painting takes a number of days depending upon the size and work recommended or preferred by the customer

History of Tanjore Painting
Tanjore (or Thanjavur or Thanjavoor) paintings have a very rich heritage. This style of painting has been followed widely by the people in Southern Tamil Nadu for the past two centuries. The art flourished in Tanjavoor, pronounced Tanjore, the capital city of the Chola dynasty, and thus got its name. Maratha princes, Nayaks of Vijaynagar dynasty, Rajus communities of Tanjore and Trichi and Naidus of Madurai patronized the art of Tanjore painting from 16 to 18th centuries. Tanjore paintings are deeply rooted in tradition and still innovative within limits. This art is sacred and dedicated. The Tanjore School of painting flourished during their rule. These decorative paintings, exquisitely ornamented in relief, are famous all over the world.

The paintings are notable for their adornment in the form of semi-precious stones, pearls, glass pieces and gold. The rich vibrant colors, dashes of gold, semi-precious stones and fine artistic work are characteristics of these paintings. They add beauty and culture to a variety of surroundings and decor. The paintings are mostly of Gods and Goddesses because this art of painting flourished at a time when fine-looking and striking temples were being constructed by rulers of several dynasties. The figures in these paintings are large and the faces are round and divine. However, with the rebirth of this art in the twentieth century, artists in addition to recreating the original Tanjore figures are also experimenting with more proportioned figures, birds, flowers, animals, etc.

How Tanjore Paintings are made?
These marvelous paintings of Tanjore have a lot of efforts put in them. The creation of this painting involves a lot of dedication and several stages of meticulous work of art. The process of its production is immensely complex. 

The process of making a Tanjore painting involves many stages.

STEP 1. Preparing the board to make the painting.

STEP 2 Sketching the figure and fixing the stones.

STEP 3 Filling around the stone work with a thin mix of gum and chalk powder.Inlay and relief work around the stone setting with a thicker mix. 

STEP 4 Cleaning the work and fixing the gold foil over the stones and relief work.

STEP 5 Cutting the gold foil to expose the stone work.

STEP 6 Painting the figures and the background 

STEP 7 Checking for flaws, correcting and fixing the glass and frame.

Things  and Colours used in Tanjore Painting
Gold leaves and gems of varied hues are used in selected areas like pillars, arches, thrones, dresses, etc.The shine and glean of the gold leaves used by the Thanjavur style paintings lasts forever. Finally, colours are applied on the sketch. In the past, artists usednatural colours like vegetable dyes, whereas the present day artists use chemical paints which enhance the sharpness and provide better shade contrasts.

The old Tanjore artists restricted their scope to divine figures and used to mix their natural colours. The modern ones have, of course, no need to do so. For outlines dark brown is usually used. Red is favoured for the background. Scholars say that a red background is the distinctive mark of Tanjore paintings, but green is also sometimes used. Lord Vishnu, appropriately enough, is coloured blue, and Lord Nataraja chalk white. Yellow is used for the Goddesses. The sky, of course, is blue, but black is employed only on occasions. There are conventions in regard to the use of embossing and bejeweling. But these do not appear to be followed very strictly these days; often individual preference settles the matter.

Nowadays, everybody have become more conscious about the ambience and interiors of their home and workplace. These paintings are widely used in the Pooja rooms, Main door entrance, Living room, Stair case wall, Dining rooms, Bedrooms, Study rooms, Corridors, Hotels, Wedding Halls, Office premises, etc. Tanjore paintings are hung on walls to give it the fulfillment with its richness and vibrant colours. The shine and gleam on the gold leaves used by the Tanjore style paintings last forever. Since precious stones and gold sheets are used in Tanjore paintings, the glass version of the painting has come into picture. In these glass painting the normal oil paints are used to get the same feel of the original tanjore paintings

KalaAnantarupah Media labs-Tanjore Painting Class-Admission Open

Transparent acrylic sheets are used to avoid breakage during transit for delivery of paintings.

Packing and Despatch
The Paintings are safely and securely packed for mailing by courier to any location in the world. Courier charges will be additional to actual.

Packing ,Shipping and Handling Charges are Extra Delivery time is based on the size and number of paintings.

If you have the will and interest there is no bar to learning the art forms at any age.

For Class Booking/ Product Order :-
Director-KalaAnantarupah Media labs
+91-98860 65752 / +91-90352 33602 / +91-78295 55752 / +91-80-23658283 /

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